Established in October 1986 on the centenary of the foundation of Addis Abeba, the Addis Abeba Museum is housed in one of the oldest buildings in Addis which sits right next to Mesqel Square. The architecture of the building itself is a relic in its own right and all the exhibits inside, including impressive photos of Addis Abeba’s early days, are just the icing on the cake. The Red Terror Martyr’s Memorial Museum, which was opened in 2010, is located right next door to the Addis Abeba Museum and hosts chilling reminders of the red terror campaign carried out by Colonel Mengistu and his Derg regime, including shocking photos, skulls unearthed from mass graves and torture instruments.